The eye of the storm brown eyes blue eyes experiment. Blue eyesbrown eyes teacher says mlks legacy is just as relevant. Brown eyes, blue eyes is the name often given to an antidiscrimination experiment that was carried out in america in 1968. This is a new step forward in confirming to the beauty at any cost. What elliot discovered is that initially the blue eyed folks felt not only alienated, but would begin to taunt the students with brown eyes. May 07, 2018 this is a photo of jane elliotts class during the blue eyebrown eye experiment. Consequently, the browneyed children started using blueeyes as an insult.
The milgram experiment, the little albert experiment and the. She told the kids that blueeyed children werent as good as browneyed or greeneyed ones. In 1970, elliott would come to national attention when abc broadcast their eye of the storm documentary which filmed the experiment in action. Austin meier curtis guilford celine stewart the experiment why do an experiment. Elliott segregated her class according to eye color. She divided the children, who were all white, by eye color, and then she told the children that people with brown eyes were smarter, faster and. She first conducted her famous exercise for her class on april 5, 1968, the day after martin luther king jr. For this corporate exercise, elliott divides a multiracial group based on the color of their eyes and then subjects the blueeyed individuals to a withering regime of humiliation and contempt. Complete summary of william peters a class divided. In zimbardos experiment the conditions were much more cont. The milgram experiment, the little albert experiment and the blue eyes and brown eyes experiment. Jane elliotts controversial classroom experiment on racism, 1968 dangerous minds.
The other group was initially the discriminators and then experienced discrimination. Why is jane elliots exercise problematic for some people. This video features jane elliotts famous, yet controversial, blue eyes brown eyes exercise. Elliott had all the blue eyed children line up at one side of the room. The bluest eye, published in 1970, is the first novel written by author toni morrison.
Such tests have occurred throughout american history, but particularly in the 20th century. In 1968 after the brutal assassination of martin luther king, the whole nation was in turmoil. Two professors of education, goodson and sikes say that what elliot did was unethical because the exercise was psychologically and emotionally damaging. The blue eyed and brown eyed groups then switched so that all students endured the same prejudices. They were particularly intrigued by the murder of kitty genovese. Some psychological experiments that were designed to test the bystander effect are considered unethical by todays standards.
Jul 17, 20 the blue eyed children would get five extra minutes of recess while the brown eyes had to stay in. The blue eyes and brown eyes experiment according to supporters of elliotts approach, the goal is to reach peoples sense of empathy and morality. The blue eyebrown eye was an experiment performed by jane elliot in 1968 on the day after martin luther king, jr. Through the eyes of a kindergarten class, prejudice dynamics were shown in a simple yet powerful experiment. On the first day, the blueeyed children were told they were smarter, nicer. Much like the zimbardos stanford prison experiment where students were divided by either being the jailer or the jailed. Jane elliott is considered to be the foremother of diversity training,6 with the blueeyedbrowneyed scenario as the basis of much of what is called diversity training. Commonlit the blueeyed, browneyed exercise free reading.
In 1968, john darley and bibb latane developed an interest in crime witnesses who did not take action. Part of the problem is that the blueeyed group is exclusively white, while the browneyed group is predominantly nonwhite, so that eye colour is. She told the kids that blue eyed children werent as good as browneyed or greeneyed ones. Blue eyes brown eyes was weiner and wrights 1973 investigation of 31 third graders who, in a simulation, were divided into two groups. Final results 8 9 years old only affects a small population can not be generalized because some races look the same was the experiment reliable. Jane elliot brown eyes, blue eyes experiment to kill a. Very famous studies have used unethical methods to allow the experiment to run smoothly, as for example the stanford prison study. She then told them that the children with blue eyes were inherently inferior to the children with brown. Symbolic interaction theory is illustrated on the day after kings assassination. Its goal was to demonstrate what prejudice was to her third grade class. The browneyed children didnt want to play with the blueeyes during recess.
Introduction a class divided frontline pbs official site. The exercise that jane elliot tried out on her third grade class in riceville, iowa, was a direct. Three sections were selected to be administered the simulation. On april 5 1968 jane elliot preformed the famous experiment in her classroom separating blueeyed and browneyed students. The basic idea was to separate the class into two halves, students with blue eyes and those with brown. Jane elliotts blue eyes brown eyes experiment youtube. Jan 01, 2003 elliott divided her class by eye color those with blue eyes and those with brown. The purpose of this article is to assess the effectiveness of jane elliots brown eyesblue eyes exercise.
She pointed out flaws in a student and associated it with their eye colors. The effectiveness of jane elliotts wellknown blueeyesbrowneyes exercise in. Oct 17, 2009 american schoolteacher jane elliott invented the concept of diversity training in response to racial tension in 60s america. This, now famous, exercise labels participants as inferior or superior based solely upon the color of their eyes and exposes them to the experience of being a minority.
The brown eyes sometimes retaliated, becoming violent, although the one student who hit another in the gut realized that his violent act provided little resolution. Over thirty years ago, jane elliott devised the controversial and startling, blue eyesbrown eyes exercise. Feb 24, 2014 very famous studies have used unethical methods to allow the experiment to run smoothly, as for example the stanford prison study. That spring morning 37 years ago, the blueeyed children were set apart from the children.
Jane elliots the blue eyes and brown eyes experiment was. The browneyed children wear fabric collars so they can. Jane, also feeling the disparity and frustration knew that. All participants, except control participants in experiment 1, read a passage describing their. The photons emitted from a light source bounce off of objects and eventually hit you in the eye. Jane elliot was a well liked third grade teacher from a small rural town in iowa. She split the class in two categories, according to eye color, and told the children that one group was superior to the others. Elliott originally designed the exercise in the 1960s as a way to illustrate the inhumanity, the irrationality, and the immorality of racism, a system that, as her experiment. Elliott pulled out green construction paper armbands and asked each of the blue. An experiment was done in which college students were divided according to their eye colour. The antiracism exercise that taught kids to be racist io9. American schoolteacher jane elliott invented the concept of diversity training in response to racial tension in 60s america. Sep 29, 2017 spending time in her sun city home, jane elliott is an outspoken advocate against racism. She first implemented her brown eyes, blue eyes antiracism training in an iowa school for 3rd graders.
My guess is that is doesnt really represent racism but classism. When her local newspaper published compositions that the children had written. But if her lesson was an unethical experiment, elliott said, so too is the current social system that deems people with white skin superior. A wakeup call for all ages, the eye of the storm, teaches about prejudice using a dramatic framework. Jane elliott is an american former thirdgrade schoolteacher, antiracism activist, and educator. She first created the blue eyes brown eyes experiment in the 1960s were she first performed it on the school children under her care. Jane elliott is an educator whose famous blue eyesbrown eyes exercise showed social psychologists and her students the impact that racism has on education and how social psychology can be.
Jane elliots has made an observational study in 1971 called brown eyes and blue eyes in which she observed how children would act upon each other when theyre divided into a low class. Iowa author revisiting controversial blue eyesbrown eyes. When a photon reaches your eye it passes through the transparent cornea and then through the lens which refracts and focuses the light onto your retina, where the light is selectively detected and absorbed by special photoreceptor cells. Its goal was to demonstrate what prejudice was to her. This is a photo of jane elliotts class during the blue eyebrown eye experiment.
Submission folder ethics in psychology instructions the. Life after death experience nde with steve gardipee, vietnam war story one of the best ndes duration. Alternative activities designed to illustrate the concepts in a real setting have been controversial for causing potential distress. I have some experience with the brown eyes, blue eyes game as it was called by a school where i barely survived it. Blue eyebrown eye is an experiment performed by jane elliot in 1968 on the day after martin luther king, jr. What jane elliotts famous experiment says about race 50 years on. Jane elliotts antiracism experiments on the british. On the morning of april 5, 1968, jane elliott was teaching third grade in the small iowa town of riceville. Apr 23, 2017 life after death experience nde with steve gardipee, vietnam war story one of the best ndes duration. In only a few hours, elliotts treatment makes the blueeyed workers become distracted and despondent, stumbling over the simplest commands. Forty years later shes trying the same techniques on british tv. On day one of the lesson, she told the blueeyed children they were smarter, nicer, neater and better than those with brown eyes.
However, in this classroom, having blueeyes had become a condition of inferiority. The blue eyed students, when told they were superior and offered privileges such as extra recess time, changed their behavior dramatically and their attitudes toward the children with brown eyes. In response to the assassination of martin luther king, jr. Its done all the time, and even though sometimes people get hurt from it, its still not unethical. Elliotts exercise teaches students about racial discrimination. Jane, also feeling the disparity and frustration knew that something needed to be done about racial discrimination. Spending time in her sun city home, jane elliott is an outspoken advocate against racism.
Blue eyesbrown eyes teacher says mlks legacy is just as relevant today. Elliott, steven yelled as he slung his books on his desk. Morrison was an africanamerican novelist, a pulitzer and nobel prize winner whose works are praised for addressing the harsh consequences of racism in the united states. Subsequently, william peters wrote two booksa class divided and a class. Blueeyed people get an extra five minutes of recess, and the two groups arent allowed to play with one another on the playground. Strong, effective and ethical lessons applied social. Jane elliott is an educator whose famous blue eyes brown eyes exercise showed social psychologists and her students the impact that racism has on education and how social psychology can be. One group experienced prejudice and discrimination for several days and then became the discriminators for several days. Jane elliot and the blue eyed children experiment july 17, 20 terynn boulton 22 comments on april 4, 1968, jane elliot, a third grade teacher in riceville, iowa, turned on her television set to learn more about martin luther kings assassination and was appalled at what she heard from a white reporter. That spring morning 37 years ago, the blue eyed children were set apart from the children with brown or green eyes. Jane elliotts blue eyes brown eyes experiment latimes news article on the experiment in 1968, the day after dr. Nov 20, 2011 a new treatment that only takes an estimated time of 20 seconds can permanently change your brown eyes to blue. It provides an examination of the realities of discrimination as experienced by actual students in the classroom of thirdgrade teacher, jane elliott, whose demonstration shows how quickly children can succumb to discriminatory behavior.
Students tit brown eyes were considered superior to those with blue eyes. Its also the 50th anniversary of jane elliotts blue eyes brown eyes experiment. An often quoted letter stated, how dare you try this cruel experiment out on white. Notice the difference in the faces of the students between the front and the back of the line. Morrison was an africanamerican novelist, a pulitzer and nobel prize winner whose works are praised for addressing the harsh consequences of racism in the united states the novel takes place in lorain, ohio morrisons own home town, and tells the story of a young africanamerican lady named pecola who. Jane elliots the blue eyes and brown eyes experiment was unethical in that she created a segregated environment in a third grade classroom. She started to make negative statements about one group, and the children easily accepted these new values associated with each group. Eric ed300491 ethical and pedagogical issues in the use. It was conducted in a small school in riceville, iowa, amongst 8yearold children on the day after the assassination of civil rights leader, martin luther king. Unethical human experimentation in the united states. Elliott divided her class by eye color those with blue eyes and those with brown. An essay or paper on two important psychological experiments. They developed prejudice against another blue eyes or brown eyes depending on who was on top for the day. The school name and locale on request is still in business.
That spring morning 37 years ago, the blueeyed children were set apart from the children with brown or green eyes. In this video i will be talking about jane elliotts experiment with third grader in which she used the power of education to confront racial prejudices after martin. The browneyed people were also not allowed to play with the blueeyed people because they are not as good as the blueeyed people. What is it about each of these studies that makes them unethical. Students with blue eyes were given discriminatory treatment, while the students with brown were given preferential treatment. After hearing the publics opinion, do you think the experiment was ethical. Little albert the blue eyes and brown eyes experiment jane elliott was not a psychologist, but she developed a controversial exercise in 1968 by dividing students into a blueeyed group and a browneyed group, in an attempt to give her students handson.
Ethical and pedagogical issues in the use of simulation activities in. The effectiveness of a wellknown prejudicereduction simulation activity, blue eyesbrown eyes, was assessed as a tool for changing the attitudes of nonblack teacher education students toward blacks. They alternated their discriminated role for one day each. Jane elliott wanted to teach her third graders an important lesson about race and equality. Eric ed300491 ethical and pedagogical issues in the. The experiment took place the day after kings assassination, at riceville community schools, where elliott. The blueeyed children would get five extra minutes of recess while the brown eyes had to stay in. This laser treatment will give you the piercing stare of mesmerizing eyes and give you the ever wanted blue eyes. The basic idea was to separate the class into two halves those with blue eyes and those with brown. Blue eyed students slumped in their chairs, as though they accepted their.
Despite the unethical experiment, zimbardo is still a working psychologist today. A number of economics experiments are motivated by formal equilibrium. The browneyed people were not allowed to use the water fountains, they had to use the paper cups. Under some circumstances its not even unethical to experiment on humans without their consent. This now famous exercise labels participants as inferior or superior based solely upon the color of their eyes and exposes them to the experience of being a minority. Goodson and pat sikes, suggest that elliotts experiment was unethical.
On the first day, the blueeyed children were told they were smarter, nicer, neater, and better than those. Jane elliotts antiracism experiments on the british culture the. The browneyed people were also not allowed to play with the blue eyed people because they are not as good as the blue eyed people. The effectiveness of a wellknown prejudicereduction simulation activity, blue eyes brown eyes, was assessed as a tool for changing the attitudes of nonblack teacher education students toward blacks. She works as an american teacher and as a antiracism activist. A class divided illustrates elitists spirited experiment and the lifealtering impact it had on her students. Ethical issues were presented bearing on whether it is right to have.477 897 125 292 1226 550 967 1551 605 1277 350 407 1503 746 1392 390 1407 129 1154 556 271 1055 567 1077 820 1172 686 42 553 1075 1500 408 1172 1284 642 55 591 439 714 1146 774 1032 1231 837 53 1499